Construction Industry “One-Man Parent” Corona Virus Impact May 22 15:22
The construction industry has been suspended due to the spread of the new coronavirus. Many of the “single parents” who undertake the construction by the individual lose the income, and are in a predicament. Experts point out that the industry-specific structure is behind the scenes, which is easy to wrinkle with under-positioned construction workers.
“Single Parent” affected by construction site interruption
Construction sites have been suspended since last month.
Construction has been resumed since before and after the state of emergency was lifted in 39 prefectures, but some of them have been suspended.
It is a craftsman called “one person boss” who undertakes the construction by the individual to have received the influence greatly.
One of them, a 50-year-old man from Chiba Prefecture who specializes in housing construction, has lost all his jobs for about a month since last month due to construction disruptions.
Although some of the sites were moving, it is said that because the work was divided preferentially to the employees of the construction company, the work was not turned to “single parent” like the man who does the construction by the individual.
The man said, “I was keenly aware that our work was being cut first. I couldn’t sleep every day or went wild alone in my room, so I was cornered.”
When you stop at the site, your income is zero.
According to the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, it is estimated that there are at least 100,000 “single parents” in Japan.
Because “One Parent” works as a sole proprietor ship and is paid according to the number of days worked in the field, the income becomes zero as soon as the construction site stops.
The 50-year-old man also lost his monthly income and cut down on his life by limiting his daily life by limiting his diet to cover expenses exceeding 100,000 yen a month, such as mortgages and taxes.
I was able to start working at the site, which resumed this week, but i don’t know when the site will stop again, so i still feel uneasy.
The man said, “I want to feel relieved when the site resumes, but when I lose my job again, my heart seems to break. As long as this situation continues, you may not be able to feel safe anymore.”
And the union, the statement sat one after another.
The labor union which makes it by the construction worker has consulted about the problem of the income and the working environment from such a single parent and the craftsman of the small and medium-sized enterprise one after another, and it has gone up to more than ??
For this reason, the Labor Union in the Tokyo metropolitan area issued a statement last month calling on the state, local governments, and general contractors to provide life support, including one-person construction workers, to ensure the prevention of infection at construction sites.
The Kanto Regional Council, the National Federation of Construction Labor Unions, said, “There is a wrinkle among single-person parents and small and medium-sized companies who are weak in position. We would like to continue to seek life support such as compensation for the government, local governments, and general contractors.”
Problems of specialist “multilayer subcontract structure”
Prof. Hirogo Crabizawa of Shibaura Institute of Technology, who is familiar with employment issues in the construction industry, says that this is an opportunity to review the industry.
In the construction industry, it is called a “multilayer subcontract structure” because it is a layered line because the former contractor staked in general contractors and secures labor by ordering construction work with the grandson contractor.
Professor Kanizawa said, “In the ‘multilayer subcontract structure’, it is located in the lower layer, and if work decreases, such as one parent who is relatively weak in a position, will be shaken. It was a challenge for a long time, but this time it was highlighted again.”
He added, “The construction industry is now understaffed so that it would not be possible to achieve it without foreign technical interns, and if we left this problem alone, we would be increasingly in short supply. As a result, in addition to maintaining and repairing infrastructure such as roads and houses, there is a risk that disaster recovery will also be hindered, and we need to take this opportunity to review the way the industry should be.”