China To Legislate in Hong Kong Security, U.S. Government Announces Opposition May 23, 7:10
While China has set out its policy of enacting laws directly to maintain the security of Hong Kong, where protests continue, Washington issued a strongly opposed statement saying it was a sign of the end of high self-government, and it is inevitable that the conflict between the United States and China will deepen further.
At the National People’s Congress, which kicked off on February 2, Vice President Wang Yi criticized the United States for “interfering with foreign powers and harming national security” in Hong Kong, where protests continued, and set out a policy of enacting laws to maintain Hong Kong’s security in Hong Kong and allowing Chinese agencies to crack down on Hong Kong.
This policy is expected to be voted on on the last day of the 28th of next week.
In response, U.S. Secretary of State Pompeo issued a statement on March 22, urging the government not to vote, saying it would “be a sign of the end of hong kong’s high self-government and affect the U.S. decision on one country and two systems.”
Last year, the United States established the Hong Kong Human Rights Act, which includes a provision that states that tariffs and other incentives can be stopped if hong kong’s high self-government under one country and two systems is impaired, and a provision that allows sanctions against Chinese officials if human rights are suppressed.
U.S.-China relations have continued to respond to criticism over its response to the new coronavirus, but the United States is expected to consider applying the Hong Kong Human Rights Act in the future, and it is inevitable that the conflict between the U.S.-China relationship will deepen further.
Experts: “U.S.-China conflict is even more chaotic”
Commenting on hong kong’s policy of enacting laws to maintain hong kong’s security, Professor Akio Takahara of the University of Tokyo School of Public Policy, who specializes in modern politics in China, said, “The Chinese government is likely to take some steps to prevent large-scale demonstrations like last year’s outbreak of the new coronavirus in Hong Kong. This time, with the imposition of power by the Xi Jinping administration, we are trying to take a form that would suppress it from above.”
He pointed out that relations with the United States, which are at odds over its response to the new coronavirus, could be further exacerbated by the Hong Kong issue, and said, “The United States will raise this issue, but it is unlikely that China will make concessions. The more the United States shows a strong stance, the more hard-liners emerge in China. I don’t think it will necessarily have a positive effect if we put too much pressure on China.”
As for the u.S.-China relationship in the future, he said, “I think the competition phase will continue for a while as long as we can foresee it. There is a conflict of opinion whether to peep bullish ly to the United States against the United States in China, or to peep on a softer route, but the power which insists on bullish diplomacy is the mainstream, and the possibility that friction rises is considerably large. China’s deepening diplomatic isolation could lead to a soft shift, but it is also difficult to predict, depending on the Chinese economy and the direction of the US presidential election.”
Professor Takahara said, “Not only Japan but also a lot of countries cooperate with China on one side, and it competes on the other hand, so to speak, it gets on the same ‘Ship’ about how to face China of Japan while the confrontation between the United States and China deepens. It is important to learn how to live in the contradiction of simultaneous cooperation and competition with China.”
Uk and other foreign ministers ‘deeply concerned’ by joint statement
In order to maintain hong kong’s security, China has launched a policy of directly enacting the law, and British Foreign Minister Raab, Australia’s Foreign Minister Payne, and Canadian Foreign Minister Champagne jointly issued a statement expressing deep concern.
In this, the foreign ministers of the three countries pointed out that Hong Kong is highly autonomous in a legally binding joint statement confirmed with China when Britain returns Hong Kong.
He also stressed that the joint statement included the fact that rights and freedoms such as individuals, the press, parliament, and assembly are guaranteed by Hong Kong law.
It is said, “The enactment of the law by China without the direct involvement of hong kong citizens, parliament, and the judiciary will clearly undermine the principles of one country and two systems.”
A spokesman for British Prime Minister Johnson said on March 22, “I hope that China respects Hong Kong’s rights, freedoms and high degree of autonomy. As a party to the joint statement, the United Kingdom supports Hong Kong’s autonomy and respects the model of one country and two systems.”