The actual situation after independence away from children’s homes to the first survey Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare September 27 5:02
It has been pointed out that children who live apart from their parents due to abuse often become isolated after leaving their children’s homes and becoming independent. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare will conduct its first survey next month to consider what kind of support is needed.
According to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, more than 44,000 children left their parents due to abuse or parent illness and lived in child care facilities and foster homes in fiscal 2018.
Under the Child Welfare Act, self-reliance is required at the age of 18, but it has been pointed out that there are many cases where human relations do not go well after leaving facilities for higher education or employment, and people become isolated without continuing work or relying on anyone.
The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare will conduct its first survey next month to consider what kind of support is needed.
The survey is expected to show approximately 30,000 people over the age of 15 who have left foster homes and foster homes in the past five years.
We will conduct a questionnaire on what kind of support you received before and after your independence, what you are having trouble with your current life, and what kind of support you think is necessary.
We also conduct questionnaires on more than 1200 foster homes, including children’s homes and family homes throughout Japan, to find out what kind of initiatives they are taking to make their children self-reliant.
Three years ago, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare established a system to continue living in facilities until the age of 22 and to support rent and living expenses even if you become independent at the age of 18. In this fact-finding survey, we also want to understand the usage status of this system.
The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare says, “We want to analyze what kind of support needs there are and lead to the enhancement of the system.”
Children’s home in Tokyo “needs support until life is stable”
At Children’s Home, a children’s home in Kiyose City, Tokyo, children are allowed to live in the facility until the age of 22, according to their wishes, so that they do not give up going on to higher education or are repeatedly changing jobs to make their lives difficult. Currently, 11 people continue to live in facilities even after graduating from high school.
According to the facility, the “extension of measures” to continue living in the facility after the age of 18 is to be carried out after the child guidance center approves.
However, it is said that there were cases where “extension of measures” for children who graduated from high school was not permitted, so it was necessary to secure a new living space at the expense of the facility.
In this children’s home, the child guidance center did not approve the “extension of measures” even if the facility side and the person himself thought that it was necessary to continue living in the facility, and it is said that the reason is that there is no end to the number of newly admitted children against the background of the increase in child abuse.
In addition, even if I want to continue to support after I leave the facility at the age of 22, I feel that there is not enough support because there are not enough people.
The director of the facility, Goji Hayakawa, said, “The response of children newly protected by abuse has filled the hands of child guidance centers and facilities, making it difficult to support them for a long time. It is very important to take as much time as possible to become independent step by step, and if possible, we need to continue to support them until their lives stabilize.”
The man who lives in the facility even after graduating from high school
The 20-year-old man spent his time at a children’s house in Kiyose City, Tokyo from an a young age, and graduated from high school last year, but still lives in an facility.
When I graduated from high school at the age of 18, I couldn’t imagine my future and I was worried about going out of the facility.
First of all, I went to a language vocational school to acquire the necessary skills to get a job, but I couldn’t get used to the class and quit in March.
Since April, I have been working as a part-time employee at a nearby nursing home for the elderly.
I was able to achieve new goals such as becoming a regular employee and getting a driver’s license, and I was aiming to save money little by little and become independent, so I said, “I was very grateful that I was able to find my next place by supporting me in finding a job. If it hadn’t been for that, I don’t know what would have happened after that. If you live in a facility, you can save money, so your anxiety gradually disappears and you can imagine what you will do after you leave the facility.”