“Proposals” of the Science Council of Japan: Things familiar to daily life on October 18 at 5:12 a.m.
The Science Council of Japan has been discussed in the Diet and other session of the Diet. Scientists are responsible for expressing their opinions from a professional standpoint, but there are many “proposals” that are familiar to our lives.
Among the methods by which the Science Council of Japan expresses its opinions, the most frequently published is the “proposal” issued as “opinions that wish to be realized on scientific matters.”
While we have expressed various opinions on cutting-edge science and technology, such as those related to genome editing technology, there are many recommendations that are familiar to our lives.
Some of the recommendations pointed out the need for law development to create a society where people called “transgenders” with different mind and body sexes should be able to live in order to enhance measures against passive smoking for children and pregnant women.
In May last year, before the spread of the new coronavirus infection, we proposed that education on microorganisms and pathogens, such as viruses, needed to be enhanced in preparation for a “pandemic” of infectious diseases.
In addition, he pointed out that “summer time”, which will improve the living time in the summer, may affect health over a long period of time and does not necessarily mean that it will be a measure against heat.
In addition, a proposal released six years ago out of measures to address the decline in voter turnout in elections referred to the need for “mobile polling stations” in depopulated areas where cars with ballot boxes go around the area for early voting at a time when they have not yet spread nationwide.
Proposals for “creating a space” for healthy growth of children
Professor Isamu Kinoshita of Daitsuma Women’s University served as a collaboration member of the Science Council of Japan for 15 years until last month.
For the last two years, I have served as the chair of a group that thinks about the child’s child-growing environment, and last month I made a proposal and submitted it to the Cabinet Office. In addition to anti-poverty measures, there are a wide range of contents, including the development of schools and daycare centers.
Among them, Professor Kinoshita was deeply involved in the proposal on creating a space for children to grow up healthy.
He pointed out that the problem is that children’s opportunities to play outside are decreasing because of the increased safety awareness of parents and the spread of smartphones. As there are many parks with prohibitions in the Tokyo metropolitan area, especially in Tokyo, it is necessary to establish a system for people with specialized knowledge to watch over them, and to create a place where children can take on the challenge of dangerous play.
Specifically, it is a park called “Play Park” where specialized staff are set up to watch over children’s play.
The play park operated by an NPO in Musashino City, Tokyo, has play equipment that is more difficult to play than a typical park, such as climbing a wall with more than 2 meters, and you can also enjoy climbing trees and playing with fire.
Parents who visited said, “Children can enjoy play that cannot be done in a normal park independently, and I think that play workers are also necessary for children’s growth. I want there to be more places like this.”
Professor Kinoshita said, “It is a major mission of academic conferences to use the results of research in the lives of the people. I hope that the content of the proposal will be reflected in the policies of the national and local governments, as well as the efforts of NPOs and local governments.”
What is the opinion of the Science Council of Japan?
There are seven ways for the Science Council of Japan to express its opinions from a professional standpoint: “report,” “answer,” “recommendation,” “request,” “statement,” “recommendation,” and “report.”
Of these, “reports” are issued up after consulting from the government, and “answers” are issued at the request of ministries and agencies. The other five will be voluntarily held by the Academic Council.
“Proposals” are the most frequently issued. There were 277 “proposals” issued in the nearly 10 years from 2011 to the end of last month, the highest number in the last 10 years, and 68 have been announced.