Myanmar’s general election vote 8 November 8th Suu Kyi’s ruling party to secure a majority focus November 8 at 5:24 a.m.
In Myanmar, a general election once every five years will be held on the 8th, and the focus will be on whether the ruling party, led by National Advisor Aung San Suu Kyi, can retain a majority of seats in parliament.
Myanmar’s general election will re-election nearly 500 seats in the upper and lower houses of parliament.
In the last election five years ago, suu Kyi’s NLD-National League for Democracy won a sweeping victory, bringing an end to more than half a century of military-led politics and bringing about a historic change of government.
This time, opposition parties that go through the flow of the old military government and political parties of various ethnic minorities, which account for 30% of the people, are challenging the NLD.
In Myanmar, the spread of the new coronavirus has spread rapidly since mid-August, and political parties have been unable to campaign on the streets in Yangon, the largest city.
Although the NLD is still very popular in urban areas, support has been pointed out in areas where there are many ethnic minorities who criticize the inability to democratize, and the focus will be on whether the NLD can maintain a majority of seats.
The vote will close on the evening of the 8th of Japan time and will be held on the same day.
How elections work High majority hurdles
Myanmar’s parliament consists of 224 seats in the upper house and 440 seats in the lower house.
Of these, a fourth of the seats in the Senate and the House of Representatives are allocated to the military under the provisions of the current constitution, which was created during the military regime.
For this reason, three-fourths of the seats in the Senate and House of Representatives will be re-elected.
On the other hand, the election of a president with cabinet authority will be carried out by a vote of all members of both the Upper and Lower Houses.
The ruling NLD, led by Aung San Suu Kyi’s national adviser, must win more than two-thirds of the re-election seats in order for the National League for Democracy to maintain its majority and be able to elected president alone, and the hurdles for a majority are originally high.
Also, under the Constitution, a person with a foreign spouse or child cannot become president, so Suu Kyi, who has a British son, cannot be president.
The Rohingya issue is not a point of contention
Myanmar has been criticized by the international community for its response to the issue of persecution against the Muslim minority Rohingya, but the majority of political parties, including the ruling NLD-National League for Democracy, have not touched on the issue in this election and have not become a point of contention.
Three years ago, in August, clashes between militants and troops are said to have killed a large number of Rohingya, and more than 700,000 Rohingya have fled to neighboring Bangladesh, forcing them to live in refugee camps to this day.
Myanmar’s government and military have come under heavy international criticism, including being sued by the International Court of Justice for violating the Genocide Convention, which prohibits genocide and other violations of persecution against the Rohingya.
However, in Myanmar, where Buddhists make up 90% of the population, the Rohingya are considered immigrants from Bangladesh and have a strong sense of discrimination, so each political party is turning a back on touching this issue.
In addition, many Rohingya who remain in Myanmar are not granted nationality and do not have the right to vote.
The ruling party’s majority split may lead to a decline in leadership and policy execution.
Yang Myo-Thein, myanmar’s political commentator, predicts that “the NLD will lose a lot of seats in areas where ethnic minorities live,” noting that the NLD government has been losing concrete results while placing reconciliation between different ethnic groups as a top priority.
And the NLD points out that the impact of dividing the majority is that “the NLD will form a coalition with minority parties and other parties to maintain power, but policy making and procedures will require effort to coordinate with the coalition parties,” which could lead to a decline in leadership and policy execution.