Turing Award, to two researchers who contributed to the development of compiler technology

Without an important software development tool called a compiler, it would have been necessary to descend into the world of machine language, which is difficult for humans to understand, in order to control a computer. In recognition of this achievement, Alfred Aho and Jeffrey Ullman, who contributed to the development of the compiler, were selected as the 2020 winners of the highly prestigious Turing Awards.

Provided by: Association for Computing Machinery; Screenshot by Stephen Shankland / The CNET Computer Society (ACM) selects Turing Award winners each year and awards a prize of $ 1 million. According to ACM, the collaboration between Ullman and Aho, who pioneered compiler technology, began in 1967 at AT & T’s prestigious research facility, the Bell Labs. Currently, Ullman is an emeritus professor at Stanford University and CEO of the computer science e-learning company Gradance. Aho is an emeritus professor at Columbia University.

Mr. Aho (left photo) and Mr. Ullman
Provided by: Columbia University and Stanford University have contributed to the development of compiler technology that translates programs written in high-level languages ​​that are relatively easy for humans to understand into low-level machine languages ​​that the processor actually processes. It also played an important role in the development of software algorithms. In addition, he has compiled his own research results in his books, including a manual for compiler techniques commonly known as the “Dragon Book,” and these books have a great influence. “The textbooks they created have become the golden standard for training students, researchers and practitioners,” said Jeff Dean, senior vice president of Google’s AI division. It was. Google is offering the prize money for this award.