2020 was a year of turmoil and anxiety in the world, but the field of artificial intelligence (AI) has grown steadily and the quest for technology has advanced. It may have been due to the crisis brought about by the new coronavirus. Over the past year, while significant investments have been made in AI in the healthcare sector, concerns about diversity and ethics have grown, but those concerns have not been addressed. Surprisingly, it was flat in the United States, despite an increase in AI-related job vacancies around the world.
Courtesy of Joe McKendrick These are excerpts from key findings revealed in the latest edition of the Stanford University Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence Institute’s annual AI Index. That’s right. This report evaluates the influence and growth of the AI field using a variety of indicators, from bachelor’s degree status to industry penetration. In the following, I would like to introduce some prominent indicators from this 222-page report. Investment in AI is on the rise. The report cites McKinsey’s survey, with half responding that corona sickness did not adversely affect AI investment. While 27% of respondents increased their investment in AI, less than a quarter of them reduced their investment in AI. While AI-related jobs are on the rise globally, they have been flat in the United States. The number of AI-related job offers is also an important indicator. Surprisingly, the proportion of AI-related jobs in the United States declined between 2019 and 2020. This is the first time in six years. The number of AI-related jobs in the United States also decreased by 8.2% from 2019 to 2020 (325,724 in 2019 and 300,999 in 2020). The report’s authors believe that the decline may be due to the relatively mature US market. However, in the world (US, UK, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore surveyed), the demand for AI talent is on the rise and has increased significantly over the last seven years. On average, AI-related jobs accounted for more than five times the total job listings in 2020. According to 2020 statistics, the industries with the highest proportion of AI-related jobs in all job information in the United States are the information industry (2.8%), professionals, science, technical service industry (2.5%), agriculture, and so on. Forestry, fishing and hunting (2.1%). AI investment in the medical field has increased significantly. The field of AI that received the most private investment in 2020 is the product category of “drugs, cancer, molecules, drug discovery”, which is more than $ 13.8 billion (about 1.5 trillion yen), which is 4.5 times that of 2019. The money was invested. According to the report, “The situation in the medical and bio industries has made great strides with the introduction of machine learning technology. DeepMind’s AlphaFold has been in the field of biotechnology for decades by applying deep learning technology. It brought a big breakthrough to the problem of protein folding. Researchers are learning to represent chemical molecules for more effective chemical synthesis planning using machine learning models. AI startup PostEra also said. We are using technology using machine learning to accelerate drug discovery related to the new coronavirus. ”